Now, I'm no gearhead and cars themselves do nothing for me sexually, and I've been know to skip ahead through an extraneous car chase in films, but there have been a few that truly got my blood up over the years, and here's a quick list.
Drive (2011) - Based on the James Sallis novel of the same name, Nicolas Winding Refn's film took Sallis' spare prose and pumped an awful lot of color and sound and flash. The result put a few fans of the book off, but I didn't hear any complaints about the opening getaway sequence. Another instance of actions revealing character - we know a lot about Driver just from that sequence, and we're good and economically ready to go on to the next development - time elapsed... less than 10 minutes.
Point Break (1991) - Probably the only character traits revealed in the robbery-interruptus scene here are the recklessness and doggedness of both bro-foes... but damn, it's an electric scene. Just balls to the wall action... and yeah, not entirely a car chase. In fact, it's probably more intense when they bail and burn the car and it becomes a foot chase. Hugely satisfying action film making though.
Some honorable mentions including a few auto-centric flicks hard to pick out a single sequence.